Swedish researchers suggest buildings could become giant renewable energy storage cells

Swedish researchers suggest buildings could become giant renewable energy storage cells

Researchers from the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering at Sweden’s Chalmers University of Technology have released outline details of a new concept for rechargeable batteries made of cement. The concept could allow buildings to become giant renewable energy storage units.

The idea involves a cement-based mixture with small amounts of short carbon fibres added to increase the conductivity, sandwiched between a metal-coated carbon fibre mesh with iron for the anode, and nickel for the cathode.

“Results from previous studies into concrete battery technology showed very low performance, so we realised we had to think out of the box, to come up with another way to produce the electrode,” says lead researcher Dr Emma Zhang. “This particular idea – which is also rechargeable – has never been explored before. Now we have proof of concept at lab scale,” she says.   

Working with Professor Luping Tang, the pair produced a rechargeable cement-based battery with an average energy density of 7 Watthours per square metre. A modest estimate is that the performance of the new Chalmers battery could be more than ten times that of earlier attempts at concrete batteries. The energy density is still low in comparison to commercial batteries, but this limitation could be overcome because of the huge volume at which the battery could be constructed when used in buildings.    

According to Dr Zhang, the fact that the battery is rechargeable is its most important quality. “The possibilities for utilisation if the concept is further developed and commercialised are huge,” she says. Energy storage in building is an obvious possibility. The researchers see applications that could range from powering LEDs, providing 4G connections in remote areas, or cathodic protection against corrosion in concrete infrastructure.

It could also be coupled with solar cell panels, for example, to become the energy source for monitoring systems in highways or bridges, where sensors operated by a concrete battery could detect cracking or corrosion,” suggests Dr Zhang.

The concept of using structures and buildings in this way could be revolutionary, because it would offer a large volume of energy storage. Concrete is the world’s most commonly used building material, says Zhang, but from a sustainability perspective, it is far from ideal. The potential to add functionality to it could offer a new dimension.

“We have a vision that in the future this technology could allow for whole sections of multi-storey buildings made of functional concrete. Considering that any concrete surface could have a layer of this electrode embedded, we are talking about enormous volumes of functional concrete,” she says.

Suncor and ATCO seek fiscal support for potential CCS hydrogen project in Alberta

Suncor and ATCO seek fiscal support for potential CCS hydrogen project in Alberta

Two Canadian companies, Suncor Energy and ATCO are collaborating on early-stage design and engineering for a potential blue hydrogen project near Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta.

Blue hydrogen refers to hydrogen produced using natural gas, with the CO2 emissions generated during the process captured and stored.

According to the partners, the project could produce more than 300,000 tonnes of hydrogen per year, reduce Alberta’s CO₂ emissions by more than two million tonnes per year, significantly advance Alberta’s hydrogen strategy, generate substantial economic activity and jobs across the province, and make a sizable contribution to Canada’s net zero ambition.

Suncor Energy is Canada’s leading integrated energy company, whose controversial operations include oil sands development, production and upgrading, offshore oil and gas, and petroleum refining in Canada and the US.

The hydrogen production facility would be located at ATCO’s Heartland Energy Centre near Fort Saskatchewan and could be operational as early as 2028 provided, say the partners, that it has the required regulatory and fiscal support to render it economic. In addition to supplying hydrogen to Suncor and the Alberta gas grid, the project would make hydrogen volumes available for Alberta’s other industrial, municipal and commercial transport users.

The parties anticipate that Suncor would construct and operate the hydrogen production and CO₂ sequestration facilities and ATCO would construct and operate associated pipeline and hydrogen storage facilities. The hydrogen production facility design would be capable of being replicated.

It is expected that 85% of the produced clean hydrogen would be used to supply existing energy demand. Specifically, 65% of the output would be used in refining processes and cogeneration of steam and electricity at the Suncor Edmonton Refinery, reducing refinery emissions by 60%. In addition, approximately 20% of the output could be used in the Alberta natural gas distribution system, also further reducing emissions.

Although several provincial and federal policies, fiscal programs and regulations have been put in place to support decarbonization and the development of a low-carbon fuels industry, Suncor Energy and ATCO maintain that further regulatory certainty and fiscal support is required for the project to progress to a sanctioning decision.

UK multi-sector coalition set up to decarbonise road transport at pace and scale

UK multi-sector coalition set up to decarbonise road transport at pace and scale

The UK based Green Finance Institute has launched the Coalition for the Decarbonisation of Road Transport, bringing together global experts and leading figures from the finance, automotive, energy and infrastructure sectors to accelerate the transition to zero emission vehicles.

The Coalition’s mandate is to unlock the level of private finance necessary for transport decarbonisation to happen at pace and at scale, co-creating financing solutions required to support the transition to zero emission vehicles.

Analysis undertaken by the Green Finance Institute, with support from KPMG’s Future Mobility Team, estimates that more than £150 billion of gross capital investment may be required to decarbonise the UK road transport sector between 2021 and 2030, requiring a significant acceleration in the rate of investment into zero-carbon transport solutions.

The Coalition for the Decarbonisation of Road Transport will focus on developing finance solutions initially in three core areas:

  • Consumer finance and leasing. Financial innovation is needed to help consumers overcome the barriers to choosing electric over fossil-fuel vehicles. Key to the approach will be mechanisms to mitigate the upfront costs of EVs and accelerate the maturity of the used EV market. The private sector has an instrumental role to play, including in providing affordable finance solutions to consumers and small businesses.
  • EV charging infrastructure. The Green Finance Institute estimates that to meet growing demand more than 6.7 million chargers are required, at a total cost of over £20 billion. Public and private sector collaboration will be needed to unlock the finance for a national charging infrastructure roll-out.
  • The commercialisation of battery technology. The UK urgently needs to scale up current levels of investment into battery manufacturing to build a globally competitive battery sector. A capacity of up to 60 GWh per annum may be needed by 2030, requiring at least three UK gigafactories and more than £5 billion in investment. Other issues to be addressed include safe and sustainable battery disposal, as well as the creation of a sustainable supply chain.

Dr Rhian-Mari Thomas OBE, Chief Executive of the Green Finance Institute, said, “The Green Finance Institute has already demonstrated the impact of bringing together experts to co-design innovative financial solutions and promote the enabling conditions needed to channel capital towards net zero goals.

“Identifying the most effective interventions and public investments in order to catalyse private sector finance requires thorough, detailed analysis as well as creativity and ingenuity. We’re excited to be working with our founding coalition members to tackle the challenge of financing the decarbonisation of road transport.”

UK Transport Minister, Rachel Maclean, added, “As we accelerate towards a net zero future, I’m delighted that government and industry are coming together to encourage more people to make the switch to zero-emission vehicles.”

Plug Power and BAE Systems to develop powertrains and infrastructure for North American hydrogen bus OEMs

Plug Power and BAE Systems to develop powertrains and infrastructure for North American hydrogen bus OEMs

Hydrogen fuel cell engine developer Plug Power and BAE Systems are to collaborate on the  development of hydrogen-powered electric bus powertrains for the North American market.

The deal is an all-inclusive strategic partnership to supply zero-emissions powertrains to heavy-duty transit bus OEMs along with hydrogen and refueling infrastructure to end-customers.

BAE Systems is an established manufacturer in power management and efficient propulsion and was an early advocate for hydrogen-based transit, having integrated fuel cells into its electric propulsion systems since 1998.

Plug Power develops hydrogen fuel cell engines for OEM integration ranging from 30kW to 125kW. It has also built more hydrogen refuelling stations than any other company and has become the largest buyer of liquid hydrogen globally.

Together, says a statement, these companies are now “leveraging their complementary capabilities to bring the sustainability, efficiency and cost advantages of green hydrogen to more cities in North America and beyond”.

Hydrogen-electric powertrains offer more range than battery electric vehicles, the statement continues, and unlike electric trams or EVs, which require extensive route infrastructure, hydrogen fuel cell buses can refuel quickly in existing depots equipped with hydrogen dispensers.

Home energy app developed by bp-backed Pure Planet offers EV control and insights

Home energy app developed by bp-backed Pure Planet offers EV control and insights

Energy company bp has announced a new partnership with UK renewable energy supplier Pure Planet, launching a digital energy app aimed at support households and electric vehicle (EV) drivers.

The new platform offers smarter control of renewable home energy, EVs, batteries, smart heating and solar power. It is designed to help people manage their varied energy usage, while providing personalised insights into their energy consumption.

The smart phone app will provide estimates of emissions savings, real-time energy usage data and car battery status for EV drivers, and even the ability to link a conventional petrol or diesel car to the app to estimate the CO2 emissions you would have saved with an EV.

“Future energy services are more dynamic, personal and digital”, says Pure Planet co-founder and CEO, Andrew Ralston. “The new service will help people manage their energy better by giving them more information.

“By deepening our relationship with bp, we’re creating Pure Planet 2.0. We’re offering exciting new tech services and low carbon insights and are looking forward to sharing these with a wider audience.”

The service will initially be available to Pure Planet customers on the supplier’s app as well as online energy accounts from June.

Think tank urges UK to become first mover in hydrogen race

Think tank urges UK to become first mover in hydrogen race

A new report from the Centre for Policy Studies, a leading UK think tank, argues the UK’s approach to transport decarbonisation must properly embrace hydrogen.

The centre-right think tank, founded by Margaret Thatcher in the 1970s, argues that failure to act would forfeit significant future economic opportunities and the hydrogen must be included in the overarching strategy being developed by the Department for Transport, which is due release its Transportation Decarbonisation Plan next month.

The new CPS report ‘Driving Change’, written by Eamonn Ives, calls for hydrogen to be given a much bigger role in transport decarbonisation by using the UK bus fleet as a testbed for the technology. Ives points out that other economies are moving quickly to seize the global hydrogen market. Embracing hydrogen, he says, would give Britain an opportunity to lead the world in the sector and create thousands of green jobs.

The report also points out that Britain will need a hydrogen infrastructure to help decarbonise other sectors, such as domestic heating and industrial processes, so it makes sense to lay the groundwork now – and ensure that the UK is at the forefront of a new, low-carbon industry with significant export potential.

UK Transport Secretary Grant Shapps is reported as saying he welcomes the work done by the CPS and others “to come up with new and innovative ways to deliver on this government’s ambitious decarbonisation agenda”.

Jo Bamford, Founder and CEO of green hydrogen producer Ryse Hydrogen, said, “This report is further evidence that hydrogen’s time is now and that we need support for UK industry, UK jobs, and a product which can be made and used entirely on these shores.

“If we fail to act, we will become importers rather than exporters of another green technology required to get us to net zero, just as we did with wind turbines and batteries. It’s simply a matter of which country will be the first to capture the industrial opportunities of acting first. China, Australia and Germany to name a few are all moving quickly. But with hydrogen-electric buses entering service in major UK cities this year, the UK is primed and ready to lead the race.”

UK high power motorway charging site heralded as start of major transformation

UK high power motorway charging site heralded as start of major transformation

Electric Highway, the Ecotricity-owned UK trunk road network of electric vehicle (EV) charge points, has opened the UK’s largest high power motorway EV charging site.

The installation, the first under Electric Highway’s new partnership with Gridserve announced in March, is planned as the first of what is promised as the transformation of facilities on the country’s motorways and major roads.

The flagship installation, at MOTO’s new Rugby services at Junction 1 of the M6, includes 12 high-powered Tritium pumps. The contactless payment pumps can charge supported vehicles at 350kW – adding around 100 miles of range in less than five minutes.

As part of the major transformation programme – funded by Gridserve investor Hitachi Capital, all existing 50kW pumps on the Electric Highway network will be replaced this summer. In parallel, work has also begun on high power installations across its entire network.

Toddington Harper, CEO of Gridserve, said, “The rollout of high power chargers across Britain’s motorways in partnership with Moto provides drivers with the confidence to go electric today.

“Since announcing our Electric Highway partnership with Ecotricity we’ve been hard at work putting in the charging infrastructure needed to give people the confidence to make the transition to electric vehicles, by delivering 6-12 high power 350kW chargers across the network as quickly as possible, as well as replacing all the existing chargers with the latest technology.”

Dale Vince, Founder, The Electric Highway, added, “We began building the Electric Highway ten years ago. Back then, state-of-the-art charging was just 7kW and here we are today at 350kW in just a decade. This is our very first high power installation, and this new technology comes just at a tipping point in the adoption of electric vehicles.

“Our new partnership with Gridserve kickstarts a comprehensive programme where these installations will become ubiquitous on the motorway network, helping to make the experience of using an electric car no different to using a fossil-powered one.”

BMW next generation battery projects secure national and EU funding

BMW next generation battery projects secure national and EU funding

Germany’s Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy is to provide BMW with 68 million euros in funding for the Bavarian carmaker’s planned battery projects.

BMW says it is “supporting the ramp-up of a European cell and battery value chain” with the development of “highly innovative and sustainable battery cells” for its forthcoming “Neue Klasse” of e-vehicles, which will be launched by the middle of the decade.

“With the Neue Klasse, we will make a big leap in technology in electric drives,” said Zipse. “We want to significantly increase the energy density of the cells and reduce the costs of material use and production at the same time. We will also significantly reduce the use of primary material to ensure a truly ‘green’ battery.”

Energy and Economic Affairs Minister Peter Altmaier added, “With the joint European projects, it has been possible to successfully build up the battery value chain in Germany and Europe and to secure sustainable jobs”.

The project is designated under the European Commission’s Important Projects of Common European Interest (IPCEI) funding process, which requires additional support from the Bavarian state government.

Altmaier recently assured Tesla that the German Government would make financial support available for its planned battery production factory near Berlin, which has also secured IPCEI funding.

Honda and Moixa collaborate on flexible tariff home EV charging offer

Honda and Moixa collaborate on flexible tariff home EV charging offer

Honda Motor Europe has launched e:PROGRESS, an intelligent home EV charging system that selects the most cost-effective times to charge vehicles using dynamic price changes.

Available in the UK, the system is based upon London based home energy storage developer Moixa’s GridShare technology. A further tie up within the collaboration is integration with Octopus Energy’s 100% renewable tariff Agile Octopus.

Honda says that until now EV drivers wishing to use flexible tariffs have had to monitor prices and set charge schedules accordingly. But using the new service, customers simply need to input their vehicle’s availability and when they next plan to use it.

“As we see an exponential rise in electric vehicle adoption, intelligent battery management software like GridShare is essential to ensure that EV uptake not only brings financial benefits to the driver, but also supports balancing the increase in demand of energy from the grid,” said Simon Daniel, CEO of Moixa.

National Grid predicts that there will be more than 11 million EVs on UK roads by 2030, and as many as 40 million by 2040. Increased EV adoption will drive higher demand for managed energy storage and Moixa sees the partnership with Honda as a step towards increasing renewable generation, minimising network costs and balancing the grid in the future.

The launch of e:PROGRESS comes as part of a pre-established relationship between Moixa and Honda, with Honda having led a £8.6 million funding round in Moixa in 2019.

Volkswagen Group EVs will support bidirectional charging from next year

Volkswagen Group EVs will support bidirectional charging from next year

Volkswagen has confirmed that from next year all electric cars built on its next generation MEB platform will support bidirectional charging, giving a significant boost to vehicle-to-grid technologies.

It brings closer a major potential secondary benefit from electric vehicles in which cars become mobile energy storage units and put power they don’t need back into the grid. In effect the car fleet could be used to balance loads on the grid and reduce the need for peak power generation.

Electric utilities have proposed various new business models in which EV owners would be compensated by the electric utility for the use of their battery pack.

“The test vehicles are running, we are in the last pulls with the preparations,” confirms VW Development Board Member Thomas Ulbrich in a recent interview with German business newspaper Handelsblatt.

As Handelsblatt notes, Germany wastes as much as 6,500 gigawatt-hours a year, or one per cent of Germany’s annual consumption – largely this is renewable power generated on windy days by its turbines in the North and Baltic Seas but lost due to insufficient storage capacity.

VW calculates that if there were 2.7 million battery-electric cars with bidirectional capabilities they could absorb this energy and release it to the grid when the supply is low. In this way, electric cars would help network operators better manage fluctuations in the supply of green electricity.

The big problem to date is not many EVs support bi-directional charging. VW’s MEB platform, which is used on sister brands Audi, Skoda and Seat, collectively could deliver as many as 300,000 cars with vehicle to grid capability during 2022.

French government backs hydrogen trains in bid to become hydrogen champion

French government backs hydrogen trains in bid to become hydrogen champion

SNCF Voyageurs, the public limited company that handles France’s passenger rail transport, has placed an order with Alstom for the country’s first dual mode electric-hydrogen trains.

The Régiolis regional trains are destined for the four administrative regions of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Grand Est and Occitanie

The contract is worth a total of almost 190 million euros

The initiative supports the French Government’s Hydrogen plan launched in June 2018 which underpins a national ambition to cut greenhouse gas emissions and noise pollution. It is also consistent with SNCF Voyageurs’ regional mobility programme to introduce more regional express trains (TERs), while reducing the environmental impact of services. Other French regions have already expressed an interest in participating in a second phase of the project.

This official French order for hydrogen-powered trains is the result of two years of joint efforts by the project’s various stakeholders. The dual mode electric-hydrogen trains are designed for France’s diverse rail network in that they will be able to travel “autonomously” for distances up to 600 km on non-electrified track. The four-car, 72m-long trains have a capacity of 218 seats and are built upon Alstom’s Coradia platform. They offer the equivalent dynamic performance and level of comfort as the dual mode electric-diesel version.

In announcing the order, Jean-Baptiste Djebbari, Minister Delegate for Transport, French Ministry of the Ecological Transition said, “France has everything it needs to become a hydrogen champion: the French government is fully committed to turning this ambition into reality. We will be covering 47 million euros of development costs for France’s first regional hydrogen-powered train. I am delighted that this support has enabled the four partner regions to confirm their order for the first 14 trains.”

Shell plans massive ramp up of rapid EV chargers, UK details revealed

Shell plans massive ramp up of rapid EV chargers, UK details revealed

Royal Dutch Shell has confirmed its plan to install 5,000 electric vehicle chargers across the UK by 2025. At present, it has just above 100 “rapid” 50KW and “ultra-rapid” 150KW chargers on its sites in the UK, while it is looking to double this figure by the end of 2021.

The energy company is also looking to invest in-on-street public charging points in an effort to firm up its place as a market leader established through the acquisition of Ubitricity earlier this year.

It is a part of Shell’s plan to move towards a strategy of carbon neutrality. The Anglo-Dutch company is aiming to operate 500,000 charging points across the world by 2025 and up to 2.5m by 2030. It currently has around 80,000 charging points across the world

Sinead Lynch, who heads up Shell in the UK, said, “The ambition for the UK is to go to 5,000 by 2025. That’s not just going to be on the forecourts: we’re also wanting to step into that ‘destination charging’ space with the rapid and ultra-rapid . . . so you could see them in the car parks of supermarkets.”

Shell owns around 50% the Shell petrol stations in the UK, the rest being franchises. Lynch added that she expects the 500 Shell-owned forecourts to have at least one or two rapid chargers by 2025, while sites on A-roads in particular could have more.

“This is quite a lot of money we’re going to spend, so you have to spend it wisely where the commercial case is strongest,” she said.

Many sites would have “a hybrid model for decades”, but Shell would stop selling petrol entirely at some sites.

“The fuels market is slowly declining and the charging market is growing rapidly, so if we want to keep that market-leading position, we are going to have to grow that business quite considerably,” Lynch said.

UK train station harvests kinetic energy from passenger footsteps

UK train station harvests kinetic energy from passenger footsteps

Leighton Buzzard train station in the UK has installed two walkways incorporating kinetic floor tiles that use passenger footsteps to power two USB charging benches and a digital data screen offering visitor information.

Kinetic walkway developer Pavegen is working with Central Bedfordshire Council on the project, which aims to engage with visitors to the town and showcase the council’s green credentials.

The project is funded by the Department of Transport through the £22.9 million ADEPT Smart Places Live Labs programme. It is one of eight local authority-led projects aiming to transform local places and highways through innovations in energy, data, materials and mobility. ADEPT is an association of local authority directors of transport, planning, the environment and economic development.

“The untapped footfall energy at our transport hubs represents a real opportunity to provide sustainable energy sources to power bespoke applications, while engaging audiences and encouraging behavioural change,” said Giles Perkins, Live Labs programme director. “This trial will help demonstrate the viability of the technology and could be a step change in the way transport hubs engage with commuters.”

Central Bedfordshire Council, which secured £1.05m for the programme, has also partnered with highway service provider Ringway Jacobs and West Midlands Trains on the project.

“I like the fact that it engages people, involves exercise and it is creating clean electricity all the time,” said Andrew Selous, MP for South West Bedfordshire. “I think that connection between people and the energy being created through movement is a really good join-up.”

Pavegen’s technology has been installed more than 200 times across 37 different countries in areas of high footfall, with applications aimed at city development, infrastructure and destinations such as transport hubs, venues and stadiums.

E-ferry services set for Stockholm archipelago from 2023

E-ferry services set for Stockholm archipelago from 2023

Swedish electric boat startup Candela has announced it is developing an all-electric 30-person hydrofoiling passenger boat to serve the Stockholm archipelago.

Part-funded by the Swedish transport authority, the Candela P-30 is set to launch in 2022 and begin service in 2023. It will be capable of travelling at a cruising speed of 20 knots (about 40km/h) for more than three hours before recharging. Top speed is 30 knots.

According to Candela, the P-30 will consume about 3 kWh per nautical mile, which is 80-90 per cent less than a conventional ferry and comparable to the energy consumption of a modern electric-hybrid bus.

On its launch, Candela says the P-30 will become the world’s longest-range electric passenger ship. A recent report by the municipality of Stockholm estimated the overall cost of operating the P-30 will be half that of the conventional fleet of 60 diesel ferries currently serving the 30,000-island Stockholm archipelago.

“Today, most of our waterways are unused for mass transit, but our roads are congested during rush-hour traffic,” says Gustav Hasselskog, founder and CEO of Candela.

And Candela has ambitions beyond its domestic market. “Opening up urban waterways for high-speed electric transport can revolutionise commuting in cities such as San Francisco, Seoul or Amsterdam – at a very low cost. There’s no need to build new infrastructure,” he adds.

The P-30 is essentially scaling up technology developed for the Candela Seven speedboat, a carbon fibre-hulled foiling e-boat.

The aim is to bring “the efficiencies and comfort of foiling to public transport”. The high drag of conventional boats means they are challenging to electrify with current battery technology. But the P-30 ‘flies’ on computer-controlled hydrofoils, that significantly reduces energy consumption.

Hydrofoiling boats also produce little wake, allowing them to travel at higher speeds than traditional boats in urban waterways.

World’s first tidal powered EV charger launched in Scotland

World’s first tidal powered EV charger launched in Scotland

Electric vehicle drivers on the Scottish Shetland Islands can recharge their cars directly using tidal power, after the launch of what is claimed to be the world’s first EV charge point powered only by tidal renewable energy.

Scottish tidal energy company Nova Innovation installed the EV charge point at Cullivoe Harbour on the island of Yell, the second largest of the Shetland Islands.

The generation source is Nova’s tidal array which has been powering homes and businesses in Shetland for more than five years. The company says a recent upgrade now supports electric vehicle charging “purely by the tide”.

The Scottish government is to ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars from 2032. Nova received grant funding through government agency Transport Scotland to install the EV charging infrastructure as part of the country-wide transition.

“It’s fantastic to see that Nova Innovation is demonstrating yet again that Scotland remains at the forefront of developments in zero-emission transport solutions,” said Scotland’s Cabinet Secretary for Transport, Infrastructure and Connectivity, Michael Matheson.

“This type of innovation is key in responding to the global climate emergency and highlights the opportunities that can be realised here in Scotland as we transition to a net-zero economy,” Matheson said.

The EV Network and bp pulse to roll-out ultra-fast charging e-forecourts across the UK

The EV Network and bp pulse to roll-out ultra-fast charging e-forecourts across the UK

Independent EV charging infrastructure development company EV Network and bp pulse have joined forces to develop new rapid and ultra-fast charging e-forecourts and hubs across the UK

The deal will see investment in a significant number of rapid and ultra-fast charging hubs, with up to 24 ultra-fast chargers per site. The first e-forecourt with 300kW ultra-fast chargers is scheduled to open in late 2021.

This agreement is understood to be one the largest of its kind in the UK and represents a major step forward in the roll out of national EV charging infrastructure.

Development and construction of the charging stations is expected to start immediately, with the location of the first forecourt already agreed. A number of sites are expected to be operational by the end of 2021.

The initiative supports bp’s ambition to develop ‘hubs’ of between six to twelve chargers, as well as “next generation of e-forecourts” with up to 24 ultra-fast chargers (300KW) with on-site solar PV and battery storage systems supplied by Swiss energy storage manufacturer Leclanche. The e-forecourts will have both retail and convenience facilities for drivers while they are waiting for their cars to be charged.

EV Network Chairman, Lord Barker of Battle said, “Together we will be making a reliable national network of EV charging stations a reality for the fast-growing number of electric vehicle drivers.

Matteo de Renzi, CEO of bp pulse, said, “The new hubs and e-forecourts will be built with utilisation and practicality in mind, including developments alongside the UK’s motorway network.

“The agreement is a complementary part of bp pulse’s UK expansion plans. We will still be expanding the provision of ultra-fast charging on bp retail sites but are excited to be adding these exciting new formats to our portfolio of public charging solutions to help suit the needs of even more drivers.”