A planning application for an urban mobility hub in Ancoats area of Manchester in north west England has been submitted, which would see cycle spaces and an electric car club brought to the Manchester neighbourhood. The planned hub is a joint venture between Manchester City Council and Manchester Life, a housing company part-owned by Manchester City Football Club owner Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Under the application, the Ancoats Mobility Hub would operate from the end of 2023 as a shared facility to ensure Ancoats grows as a ‘people first’ neighbourhood that prioritises streets for people over vehicles and provides sustainable and shared mobility choices.
Those behind the mobility hub say the streets and public space across the neighbourhood will immediately become cleaner and safer as on-street parking is removed and vehicle movements across the area are reduced.
Local reaction is however divided. Mobility Hubs are usually a piece of infrastructure or place that integrates both public and private transport to discourage the use of private cars. Critics of the Ancoats design say it fails to include any links to public transport or other modes of travel such as cycle lanes.
Local opposition Liberal Democrat politicians say it is no more than a multi-storey car park with ‘a glossy spin’.
But Sir Richard Leese, Leader of Manchester City Council, responded, “The Hub is a UK first. Anyone who thinks this is ‘just another car park’ is massively missing the point.”
“The purpose of a car park is to park cars. The purpose of the Hub is to help transform the neighbourhood over time, pioneering new ways of getting around and encouraging people to choose greener and healthier transport options. This is about thinking and acting differently.
“We have to recognise that many people who choose to live in the city centre require cars for their daily life and work. But we do want to be very deliberate in making sustainable transport changes easier and more attractive – encouraging the use of electric vehicles, cycles and other forms of active travel while supporting the transition away from petrol and diesel.”
Birmingham, the UK’s second largest city, is hosting the country’s next phase of autonomous vehicle trials on public roads.
The trial is part of Project Endeavour, a Government-backed mobility research project, and the UK’s first multi-city demonstration of autonomous vehicle services and capability.
The trial features four Ford Mondeo vehicles fitted with LiDAR, RADAR and stereo cameras and integrated with Oxbotica’s autonomy software platform. The fleet, capable of Level 4 autonomous driving, will operate in a five mile area around Lea Hall station, between Birmingham International Airport and the city centre. During the trials, a professionally-trained safety driver will be in the vehicle, capable of resuming control if necessary.
Trials will run throughout the day for several weeks, allowing Oxbotica’s autonomous vehicles to experience a range of traffic scenarios and weather conditions. The routes include roundabouts, traffic lights, and junctions in both industrial and residential areas – all providing their own individual scenarios and challenges for the autonomous vehicles to demonstrate capability.
Project Endeavour is designed to accelerate the deployment of autonomous vehicle services across the UK by creating a flexible, scalable model that will make the deployment process quicker, easier, and more efficient – while maintaining the highest safety standards. The trials provide project partners the opportunity to refine local deployment approaches as well as understand and model the complex and busy road network in Birmingham.
Dr Graeme Smith, Senior Vice President at Oxbotica and Director of Project Endeavour, said: “Project Endeavour is a one-of-a-kind research project that is allowing us to learn about the challenges of deploying autonomous vehicles in multiple cities across the UK – a key part of being able to deploy services safely and at scale. This stage of the mobility project is a new step for us, as Birmingham hosts our fleet of autonomous vehicles for the first time in real-life environments. So far, Project Endeavour has been a real collaborative effort, bringing everyone into the discussion from local authorities, to road safety groups, transport providers, and, most importantly, the general public.”
Birmingham City Council is keen to understand the impact that autonomous vehicle services could have on areas with limited connectivity, and how improving access to employment hubs could boost job opportunities and reduce private vehicle use.
Japan’s Fukushima Prefecture and Toyota Motor Corporation have outlined plans to build a city scale testbed for hydrogen technologies. Similar in concept, but ultimately larger than Toyota’s already announced Woven City project, the aim at Fukushima is to establish a model for a future hydrogen society within a city of 300,000 people.
Toyota’s project partners include Hino Motors, Isuzu Motors and DENSO Corporation. The project partners believe they can create a blueprint that can be rolled out to similar-sized cities across Japan.
Fukushima Prefecture suffered a devasting nuclear reactor meltdown in the aftermath of the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in 2011. It now plans to focus on hydrogen-based technologies. The new city will make use of hydrogen produced at multiple sites in the prefecture, including Fukushima Hydrogen Energy Research Field (FH2R), introduce several fuel cell trucks for deliveries, optimise operational management and hydrogen refilling schedules through the use of connected technologies, and carry out energy management that caters to the prevailing local conditions.
Toyota, and its partners will also operate fuel cell kitchen cars and medical cars, and use hydrogen at stores and plants in Fukushima Prefecture to reduce supply chain carbon emissions.
In a statement Toyota says, “Following the announcement of Japan’s 2050 Carbon Neutral Goal, there is a growing need for concrete initiatives aimed at building sustainable societies that can be passed on to future generations. Fukushima Prefecture, Toyota, and its partners share this conviction; to this end, they intend to steadily promote the realisation of one of the world’s first hydrogen societies, and of carbon neutrality, by expanding their spheres of cooperation, and taking advantage of the diverse regional characteristics of Fukushima Prefecture.”
Citroën this month launches My Ami Cargo, a commercial version of its electric ultracompact and all-electric Ami.
The key modification is the passenger seat is replaced by a modular cargo storage compartment giving a useful loading volume of over 400 litres and payload of 140 kg.
Citroën says My Ami Cargo is suited for urban delivery services, which have multiplied with the growth of e-commerce and home food delivery. It’s also a useful solution for local service companies and trades, from florists to computer repair businesses. Because it is zero emissions, drivers generally won’t have to pay to access regulated city areas such as low emission zones.
Like the Ami, My Ami Cargo can be driven in France by 14 year-olds without a driving license. It’s available to buy, but most Amis are on long-term rental plans at €19.99 per month. Citroën also envisages the vehicle will be popular across industrial, leisure and tourist sites.
Californian electric vertical take-off aircraft developer Joby Aviation has announced a partnership with major US parking company REEF Technology to develop takeoff and landing sites for its aerial ridesharing service, which it expects to launch in 2024.
REEF’s assets include more than 5,000 car parking sites across North America and Europe and the deal could transform what are often underutilised assets into multi-use mobility hubs.
The partnership also includes NPG, a real estate acquisition company affiliated with REEF for the targeted acquisition of mobility hubs across the United States.
Through the arrangement, Joby gains access to an unparalleled range of rooftop locations across all key metropolitan areas in the US, as well as a mechanism to fund the acquisition and development of new skyport sites. The companies will focus initially on Los Angeles, Miami, and the New York and San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan areas.
With an aircraft that is expected to be more than 100 times quieter than a conventional helicopter, Joby sees a significant opportunity to deliver its aerial ridesharing service from downtown locations, repurposing the often dormant top level of many parking garage structures.
Joby says parking garages are particularly well-suited to hosting skyports, as they:
Are typically located near popular destinations
Have adequate space to host customers, flight operations, and aircraft charging
Do not require structural reinforcement to support air taxi services
Provide obstruction-free approach and departure paths that minimize noise to the surrounding community
Are naturally suited to becoming mobility hubs, supporting seamless connectivity to micromobility, public transit, parking, and ridesharing
“This is a landmark deal on Joby’s path to building a transformational ridesharing service in our skies,” said JoeBen Bevirt, founder and CEO at Joby Aviation. “NPG and REEF have an unbeatable network of sites across the US and we’re excited to be working with them to identify sites that will become the backbone of our future service.
“Parking structures are ideal locations for us as they allow us to deliver our customers as close to their destination as possible, while minimizing any local impact and reducing the need for building new infrastructure.”
Philippe Saint-Just, co-founder of REEF, said: “With our focus on transforming urban spaces into community hubs that enable the future of mobility, aerial ridesharing is a compelling opportunity for us to decarbonise travel and make better use of structures such as parking garages.
Under the agreement, Joby will enjoy a period of exclusivity during which it can secure long-term rooftop leases on skyport sites within NPG and REEF’s network of parking garages.
Joby intends to offer a passenger service, accessible via an app, that offers riders a faster, emissions-free way to move distances of 5-150 miles in congested metropolitan areas at an accessible price point.
In December 2020, Joby announced the acquisition of Uber Elevate, integrating the team’s data, modeling, and insight into site selection.
As part of the deal, Uber and Joby also agreed to integrate their services into each other’s apps, helping to create a seamless customer experience where an Uber car would bring riders to a skyport just in time for their flight and, if necessary, another car would complete the journey to their final destination.
India’s on-demand delivery platform Dunzo is to pilot the delivery of medicines via drones in the southern Indian state of Telangana. Supporting the government’s ‘Medicine from the Sky’ project, the impetus, Dunzo said, is to enable medical deliveries including COVID-19 vaccines.
“The drone delivery system will focus on an end-to-end ecosystem for drone-based logistic transportation and utilize the existing logistics network of the state,” Dunzo said in a statement. The ‘Medicine from the Sky’ project recently received conditional approval from India’s Ministry of Civil Aviation and the Director-General of Civil Aviation to deploy drones for delivering COVID-19 vaccines. The Telangana government has permission to carry out experimental deliveries but initially only within the Visual Line of Sight (VLOS) Range, or roughly 500 metres, for a period of one year. After this approval, the consortium hopes to move to Beyond Visual Line of Sight trials.
“Telangana is one of the most proactive states looking to adopt emerging technologies, and the ‘Medicine from the Sky’ project using drones is in line with the same principles. This project is one of the first such programs in the country where multiple drones would fly BVLOS to establish their value proposition for the healthcare supply chain.The vision is to ensure healthcare equity for rural areas,” said Jayesh Ranjan, IAS, Principal Secretary, ITE&C Department, Government of Telangana.
Dunzo CEO Kabeer Biswas said that with technology it can now be ensured that no matter where people live, life-saving essentials can and should reach them.” We appreciate the Government of Telangana’s recognition of the role technology can play in today’s world to build safer cities. We believe our participation in the ‘Medicine from the Sky’ project will facilitate a more connected state and country, allowing people almost instantaneous access to vaccines and medicines from the most populous to most remote areas in India in the near future,” he said.
Lime has deployed 200 of its new Gen4 e-scooters across London, working with Transport for London (TfL) and London Councils to launch the UK’s largest for-hire e-scooter trial.
Lime, alongside TIER and DOTT, were last month announced as the winning e-scooter operators for London’s 12-month trial.
Riders will be able to locate and hire e-scooters via Lime’s app, but will need to scan their driving licence and successfully complete a virtual safety test before the vehicle can be unlocked.
Lime says the Gen4 scooter is built for safety. It includes modifications specified for the London trial including a maximum speed of 12.5 mph, nine high-visibility reflectors, puncture proof wheels, mountain-bike inspired suspension, always-on LED lights and a double kickstand for stability.
Hyper-sensitive geofencing technology will also ensure e-scooters are not used or parked outside of designated areas and parking bays, and swappable batteries, says Lime, also reduce the overall environmental impact of maintaining the fleet.
Lime also uses e-cargo bikes to make battery swaps rather than having to transport scooters to and from warehouses for charging.
Alan Clarke, Director, Policy & Government Affairs, for Northern Europe Lime said, “Lime loves London, and three years after launching our e-bikes in the capital, we’re so proud to be deploying our latest Gen4 e-scooters here too. Wherever we operate, safety is always our number one priority, which is why Lime continues to invest in industry leading software and hardware safeguards, such as highly accurate geofencing to control rider speed and behaviour, and on-vehicle technology which can detect pavement riding.”
He adds, “This tech is designed to make our scooters safer for our riders, other road users and pedestrians, helping to create a well-managed and responsibly used service that benefits riders and the cities they ride in. We’re proud to be serving London with another great transport option and can’t wait for Londoners to try it out for themselves!”
UK drone technology developer sees.ai has teamed up with construction and infrastructure company Skanska in a live test of a remotely operated drone.
Last month, the UK’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) granted sees.ai the country’s first approval to trial routine Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) operations in closed industrial and urban areas.
In the first resulting flight, the drone pilot was located in a central control room fifty miles from the residential development at Midenhurst in Surrey. During the flight the drone captured video and imagery of structural details on the site.
Long term the expectation is pilots working in a central control room without the need to physically see the drones would drive down costs and allow long distance surveys.
Once the system has been proven sees.ai is looking to deploy it at scale across UK infrastructure, energy networks, roads, railways and the emergency services.
CEO, John McKenna said, “The successful trials undertaken with Skanska are a major step forward in demonstrating the value of Beyond Visual Line of Sight drone technology.
“We are excited by the results of the trial and what they signal about the acceleration towards a future where drones fly autonomously at scale inside our industrial sites, suburbs and cities.”
Peter Cater, Development Manager, Skanska added, “We were invited to carry out these trials because of our use and knowledge of drone capability and we were very excited to be the first company in the construction industry to do this.
“The trials have benefited everyone involved; sees.ai get to test their equipment and remote use of the drones and we get access to accurate, real-time data on our construction activities which benefits us and our customer.
“Projects like this – at the forefront of innovation – go to show what an exciting industry construction is to be involved in.
“We are always looking for innovative ways of working, ways to be more sustainable so we can find better solutions for our customers. These trials are just one small part of our digital transformation journey.”
German electric scooter operator TIER has secured $60m of asset-backed financing from Goldman Sachs. TIER claims to be Europe’s largest e-scooter operator, serving over 100 cities across 12 countries and the debt facility will support TIER’s international expansion through 2021. TIER, for instance, was recently chosen as one of London’s three e-scooter operators, with trials starting this month.
The new financing follows TIER’s recent $250m Series C funding round led by SoftBank Vision Fund 2. The new capital will also help drive the expansion of the TIER Energy Network, which includes installation of battery charging stations at retail stores across Europe and the Middle East.
Alex Gayer, Chief Financial Officer at TIER, says, “The size of this highly scalable asset-backed debt facility is a game-changing first in micro-mobility, accelerating our expansion and cementing our market leadership in Europe. This facility leverages our recent equity raise and will enhance our capital-efficient growth.”
Ben Payne, Managing Director at Goldman Sachs, comments, “Even amid a global pandemic, TIER has established a proven track record of profitable unit economics and asset longevity. We are excited to help the European leader extend sustainable mobility to more people across the world.”
Sony Europe is leading a mobility monitoring trial in Rome incorporating embedded vision sensors with on-board artificial intelligence. The project is testing the paradigm that surveillance cameras are no longer going to produce video but data, enabled by millisecond processing allowing real-time tracking of objects within a single video frame. A key advantage is privacy issues are avoided, as only data is produced.
Three devices have been installed in Rome’s key thoroughfare, Via Vente Settembre to provide real-time information about free parking spaces, identify overcrowding on buses, and warn drivers when pedestrians are crossing the road.
The devices, called Genius Tips use Sony’s IMX500 sensor, launched last year and the first image sensor equipped with AI processing functionality.
In the trial, due to begin this month, the sensor will extract metadata about where free parking spaces are located. The information will be streamed in real time, and the coordinates overlain on a map for a driver to find the parking place.
Antonio Avitabile, managing director of corporate alliance and investment at Sony, emphasised that the Genius Tips are not cameras as no images are stored or leave the sensor – processing happens on the sensor to convert images into data.
The edge processing means the devices put little burden on the network, as only metadata is generated. This coupled with the fact that different neural networks can be deployed on the same hardware wirelessly makes the solution scalable to cover the city.
Envision, which develops infrastructure for smart cities, built the Genius Tips, which consist of two sensors directed on the road. Along with the parking application, the devices have also been trained to detect a pedestrians’ presence and alert a driver, and to monitor the number of people queuing at bus stops.
The Rome trail involves a number of start-ups in the Italian smart city ecosystem and supported by Sony Europe. TTM Group is responsible for installing the IMX500 image sensor in the smart tip, Envision developed the smart tips and Citelum installed the devices on traffic lights.
Speaking about the Rome trial, Avitabile said, “We have a vision of achieving more sustainable and liveable cities, and through the IMX500 scalable platform we can substantially accelerate this process.”
Jaguar Land Rover has partnered with Google to integrate the all-electric Jaguar I-PACE with air quality measuring sensors and Street View mapping technology. The I-PACE is the first all-electric Google Street View vehicle and will be used to measure street-by-street air quality in Dublin including nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and fine particles (PM2.5).
The Jaguar I-PACE has been equipped with specialised mobile air sensors, developed by Aclima, and has launched in Dublin to capture data over the next 12 months. Google’s scientific research partners will analyse the data and develop maps of street-level air pollution.
JLR’s engineers have worked to integrate Google Street View technology into the vehicle, including new roof mountings for the Street View camera, new rear-window glass which allows for wiring and redesigned interior switchgear to incorporate Google Street View controls.
Elena Allen, Project Manager for Business Development at Jaguar Land Rover says, “We are delighted to support this project as it aligns with our own journey to becoming an electric-first business and achieving net zero carbon by 2039. Partnerships like this are one of the ways we can achieve our sustainability goals and make a positive impact on society.”
Paddy Flynn, Vice President of Geo Operations at Google, adds, “Air quality is a serious concern, especially for cities, but there is a gap in terms of localised data and insights available to both decision makers and citizens. As part of this project, we’re using technology to capture this important data and make it accessible so that together with Dublin City Council, we can drive solution planning.”
US electric scooter developer Bird says its newest scooter model, the Bird Three, is the world’s most eco-conscious. And according to Scott Rushforth, Bird’s Chief Vehicle Officer, it all starts with the battery system.
“A scooter’s battery is directly linked to its environmental impact, and those with smaller batteries require more frequent charging and power fewer trips per charge,” he explains. “Scooters with swappable batteries can compound the issue and increase greenhouse gas emissions by requiring an estimated 1.5 to 2 batteries per vehicle. In other words, smaller and swappable batteries lead to higher overall manufacturing emissions and require more vehicle miles travelled to retrieve, replace and recharge scooters.”
Bird Three, however, has a battery capacity of up to 1 kWh, meaning it requires less frequent charging and delivers more miles travelled on a fully charged battery than any other shared scooter available today. More miles travelled leads to more sustainable rides and, ultimately, decreased carbon emissions throughout the vehicle’s entire life cycle.
The all-new Bird Three, continues Rushforth, is the culmination of four years of experience working in partnership with over 200 cities across the world “to turn drivers into micromobility riders”… It was developed by our in-house team of engineering and vehicle design experts to provide the safest, smartest riding experience possible—all with an unrelenting focus on sustainability.”
And the reason we’ve done this is simple, “If countries like the US and others are to meet their long-term climate goals, as much as 90% of all road vehicles must be electrified and 20% of all vehicle miles reduced by the end of the decade. That means more cities and more riders will soon be relying on micro-electric vehicles instead of two-ton, gas-powered automobiles to meet their short-distance transportation needs.”
A trial in Cambridge, England marks the first use of Aurrigo’s self-driving shuttles on public roads in the UK. The 10 seat shuttles will take passengers from the Madingley Road Park and Ride site to locations around the University of Cambridge’s West Campus.
Passengers recruited for the trial project will be able to use Aurrigo’s app to join the shuttle at a number of locations along the two-mile route.
The company has been instrumental in the development of autonomous pods in the UK, but the trial is the first carrying passengers on a main road surrounded by other traffic, including cars, lorries, vans, bikes and pedestrians.
The trial is part of an Innovate UK and Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CCAV)-backed project, led by Aurrigo with Greater Cambridge Partnership (GCP) and Smart Cambridge to explore how autonomous technology could be used on the public transport network.
“This is another major milestone in the journey towards making autonomous vehicles a reality on our roads,” said David Keene, Chief Executive Officer of Aurrigo.
“We’ve completed successful trials in city centres, in retirement complexes and at major golf tournaments, but this is the first time these vehicles will be sharing the route with everyday traffic.
“The shuttles, which have been designed and manufactured at our Advanced Engineering Centre in Coventry, will operate the 20-minute journey around the West Cambridge route. They will run autonomously for the majority of the route using our in-house developed driving software and the latest LIDAR and camera technology to identify potential hazards as they move around.”
He continued, “Our technology will help provide new transport solutions for city centres, shopping and care facilities, airports and heritage sites. The trial in Cambridge is the next step in proving it.”
Claire Ruskin, Director of Cambridge Network and business representative on the GCP Executive Board, added, “It is very exciting to see these vehicles working on real roads here in Cambridge. These shuttles could be used on demand all day and night, every day of the year – which is unaffordable with our existing public transport.
“They are flexible and make good use of resources without needing significant infrastructure. As employment around Cambridge is 24/7 for many organisations – including our hospitals, emergency services, and many of our labs – we have been anticipating this new technology to see how real operation will help people get around.”
MaaS Global, the Finish mobility-as-a-service platform and the company behind the Whim app has acquired Spanish mobility startup Wondo. As part of the transaction, Wondo invester Ferrovial will become one of the shareholders of the new company.
The Whim app allows users to book and pay for all their journeys using both public and private sector operators either one trip at a time or with a monthly subscription. With over 16 million trips made since its launch in November 2017, Whim is widely seen as a pioneer of a commercially available all-inclusive MaaS solution. Whim is currently live in several European and Asian markets and preparing for new launches.
“The acquisition of Wondo enables us to rapidly expand to new markets and increase our B2B and B2C service offering, which is crucial in the rapidly-evolving MaaS market. MaaS needs critical mass and requires volume and gravity. This transaction is a prime example that the consolidation of the MaaS industry is now taking place, and we intend to continue playing an active role in it” says Sampo Hietanen, CEO and Founder of MaaS Global.
Wondo provides integrated access to multiple modes of transportation. “Given our shared DNA, we are thrilled to join forces with the MaaS Global team to contribute to the creation of the leading global MaaS platform. We complement each other’s geographical reach and service offering and have a similar vision on the future developments of the MaaS sector,” says Ion Cuervas-Mons, CEO of Wondo.
Wondo has historically been backed by Ferrovial, the Spanish-based multinational focused on transport infrastructure and urban services. As part of the transaction, Ferrovial becomes one of MaaS Global’s strategic investors.
“Ferrovial is very pleased to join forces with MaaS Global to develop a winning value-added proposition in the mobility-as-a-service space. This is another step in the strategy of the company to be at the centre of the changes that are transforming the shape of urban mobility”, says Andres Camacho Donezar, Director of Mobility at Ferrovial.
Latest projections presented at a global summit of transport ministers paints a downbeat view that global transport activity will more than double by 2050, and traffic emissions will rise by 16% compared to 2015 – even if existing commitments to decarbonise transport are fully implemented.
Presenting the key findings of the biennial International Transport Forum (ITF) Transport Outlook 2021 report, ITF, which is part of the OECD, says following current trajectories any expected emissions reductions will be negated by the increased demand for transport.
However, ITF maintains, with the right policies transport CO2 emissions could be cut by almost 70% over the 2015-50 period and a reduction of this magnitude will bring the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5˚C into reach.
The solution, says ITF, is to put in place ambitious low-carbon policies now, reinforce positive behavioural changes caused by the pandemic and gear stimulus packages towards decarbonisation.
ITF Secretary-General Young Tae Kim said “I am proud to present the 2021 edition of the ITF Transport Outlook. It provides policy makers with insights from cutting-edge ITF research on the three major challenges of our time: the Covid-19 pandemic, climate change and inequality. It shows how they are linked, but also identifies actions – actions that are critical to ensure an effective and equitable transition to sustainable mobility on an urban, regional and global level in the wake of the pandemic.”
The report gives six recommendations on how governments can set the world on a path towards sustainable mobility, achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and support the UN Sustainable Development Goals:
Align Covid-19 recovery packages to revive the economy, combat climate change and strengthen equity. Recovery from the Covid-19 crisis offers a singular chance to combine economic development with shifting mobility behaviour and scaling up low-carbon technologies while increasing opportunities for citizens by improving access.
Implement much more ambitious policies that will reverse the growth of transport CO2 emissions. Governments must set ambitious targets in the 2021 revision of the Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement, underpin them with concrete policies, and reinforce them by leveraging Covid-19 recovery packages to accelerate and deepen transport decarbonisation.
Target different transport sectors with strategies that reflect their specific decarbonisation potential and challenges. Not all strategies to “avoid, shift, and improve” are applicable across the sector in the same way.
Support innovation to accelerate the technological breakthroughs needed to decarbonise transport. Technological advances are critical to effectively decarbonise transport, especially in otherwise hard‑to‑decarbonise areas such as aviation and long-haul road freight.
Shift the priority to improving accessibility. Transport planning tends to conflate increased capacity with improved accessibility. Yet travelling more and further does not mean citizens have easy access to where they need to go. Transport planning that serves citizens considers their desired destinations and focuses on how well transport options connect them.
Intensify collaboration with non-transport sectors and between public and private actors. Transport decarbonisation is inseparable from developments in other sectors. Sustainable mobility is only possible with clean energy. In turn, low-carbon transport is central to sustainable trade and tourism.
The situation today:
Urban mobility generates 40% of all CO2 emissions from the movement of people
non-urban transport is responsible for the remaining 60%
75% of all emissions from urban passenger transport come from private cars
Freight emits more than 40% of all transport CO2; its share is growing slightly
If current policies remain in place between now and 2050:
Passenger transport activity will increase 2.3-fold (measured in passenger-km)
Freight transport activity will grow 2.6-fold (measured in tonne-km)
Emissions from urban mobility will fall very slightly, by 5%
Freight CO2 emissions will grow by 22%
Under ambitious policies that also lock in CO2 reduction windfalls from Covid-19:
Cities could cut CO2 emissions from urban mobility by as much as 80% to 2050
Regional passenger transport (eg by air, rail, bus) could more than halve its CO2 emissions
Audi is developing a concept to develop modular electric vehicle charging hubs incorporating second life batteries to reduce loads on the power grid. A pilot project, launching later in the year, will provide a practical test for a possible roll-out across Germany.
Each hub will comprise six self-contained charging “cubes”, each incorporating charging connections and storage batteries.
Audi says combined the batteries will offer 2.45 MWh of electricity, providing a charging output of up to 300 kW for each bay, but the whole assemblage will remain functional through a single 400-Volt hookup. Additional energy will be provided by solar panels on the roof.
Users will be able to book charging bays in advance and the system can accommodate both overnight charging at a relatively modest 11kW output or 300kW high power top up charging.
For instance, the hub will be able to provide enough energy to charge an Audi e-tron GT for up to 100 kilometres in about five minutes, and from nearly empty to 80 percent in just under 25 minutes under ideal conditions. The hubs will feature high end lounges for short stay users.
Audi says by leveraging recycled lithium-ion batteries and green energy generation, the modular concept provides flexibility and scalability while making it easier to select locations for the charging stations. The hub can be installed and adapted to the individual location quickly and independent of local network capacities.
Oliver Hoffmann, Audi’s Board Member for Technical Development says, “The charging hub embodies our aspiration for the electric era and highlights Audi’s commitment to Vorsprung durch Technik. A flexible high-performing charging park like this does not require much from the local electricity grid.”
May Mobility, a leader in autonomous vehicle technology and shuttle operations, is testing a Toyota Sienna equipped with the next generation of its autonomous driving kit and will work with Toyota to add the vehicle to public shuttle fleets in 2022.
The automated Sienna features Toyota’s vehicle control interface, which allows seamless technology integration and robust operation of key vehicle control systems, such as steering, brakes, and acceleration.
“As we’ve seen throughout the industry, companies developing self-driving vehicles need strong OEM partners to be successful,” said Edwin Olson, co-founder and CEO of May Mobility. “With Toyota, May Mobility can deploy our unique self-driving technology on the best vehicles in the world.”
The Sienna technology integration is a major milestone in May Mobility’s cooperative relationship with Toyota, confirms Olson. From the initial investment in May Mobility to the Series B fundraising in 2019, the relationship has expanded to include a shuttle fleet in Hiroshima, Japan. May Mobility is also providing autonomous shuttle services in Indianapolis, Indiana, as part of a Toyota Mobility Foundation (TMF) initiative about to come into service.
Keiji Yamamoto, Operating Officer of Toyota and President of Connected Company said, “We are delighted that Toyota’s “Autono-MaaS”(autonomous-mobility as a service) vehicle based on the Sienna will be utilised for May Mobility’s public road testing. Toyota continues to collaborate with automated mobility service providers through these vehicles and is implementing Autono-MaaS swiftly, aiming to realise a society where all people have the freedom of movement.”
Modifications to the Sienna include the addition of LIDAR, RADAR, and camera sensors, along with the compute and control modules that make up May Mobility’s autonomous driving kit. The May Mobility Toyota Sienna shuttle is currently being tested on public roads in Ann Arbor. Additional shuttles are under development and will be ready for use in public fleets in 2022.
Singapore superapp Grab is set to pilot a robot runner service from several restaurants at the Paya Lebar Quarter (PLQ) mall in Singapore.
The autonomous delivery robots will collect orders from the restaurants for pick by Grab’s delivery-partners at a central collection point for onward home delivery. The service will allow the Grab delivery-partners to shave off between five to 15 minutes between deliveries, the soon-to-be public company said in a statement.
Grab designed the robot in partnership with Techmetics Robotics, a US firm that provides robotics services for healthcare, assisted living, and hospitality use, among others.
During its pilot phase, the robot will serve up to 35 GrabFood and GrabMart merchants in PLQ and accommodate over 250 orders a day.
The pilot is expected to last for a month, after which Grab will review its performance and viability before rolling out the service to other locations.
“We are working towards a longer-term collaboration with Grab to meet the demands of customers and improve shopping experiences,” said PLQ general manager Audrey Balakrishnan.
Virtuo, the car-on-demand service that sets out to drive the shift away from car ownership across Europe, has raised €50 million in a Series C funding round led by AXA Venture Partners.
In addition, Natixis and several members of the Banque Populaire and Caisse d’Epargne Group are granting Virtuo a pan-European asset-based financing of €30 million, to support the development of its fleet, bringing this new round of financing to around €78.7 million.
With the fresh funds, Virtuo will invest in technology and launch services that will position its car on-demand service as a key alternative to car ownership. Alongside the development of the app and the experience, the investment will allow Virtuo to accelerate European expansion and the electrification of its fleet.
Virtuo, founded in 2016, set out to disrupt the car rental industry, an industry it describes as typically fraught with long queues, arduous paperwork and hidden fees. With its 100% digital app experience, Virtuo has not only emerged as a convenient alternative to car rental for city escapes and mid-distance trips, but as an alternative to owning a car altogether.
Virtuo says it is focused on understanding and developing an app-based experience that fulfils the needs of the new generation of drivers with a particular focus on urbanites from major European cities across its regions of France, the UK and Spain.
“Our ambition for Virtuo and our car on-demand service is to reinvent our relationship with cars. To provide all the benefits that cars can offer while using technology to remove the physical burden,” said Karim Kaddoura and Thibault Chassagne, Virtuo’s Co-founders. “We believe you should be able to access a car the same way you stream music or films: the car should appear on demand when you need it, but disappear from sight when you don’t.
“Our vision is that our car-on-demand service should support a new social contract between city dwellers and the car, where they benefit from the freedom a car brings but without the burden on our cities and the environment,” they add. “At Virtuo, we want to put cars in people’s pockets, not on city streets.”
Virtuo plans to expand its services with an ambition to cover about ten markets by 2025.
UK sustainable transport charity, Campaign for Better Transport, has launched a national campaign to help get people back on onto public transport.
The Way Forward campaign, launched outside the House of Lords, with support from Green politician Jenny Jones, Baroness Jones of Moulsecoomb (pictured), is calling on the Government to support public transport by actively encouraging people to use buses, trains, coaches and trams as restrictions ease, and introducing an incentive scheme to help boost passenger numbers as part of a national plan to place public transport at the heart of a green recovery.
Paul Tuohy, Chief Executive of Campaign for Better Transport, said, “The events of the last year have made people less confident about using public transport, but as restrictions continue to ease, we all need to start getting back on board. That’s why we’ve launched this campaign to urge the Government to reassure people that public transport is safe again and to introduce a national scheme of discounted fares to encourage people to use it. By getting back on board we can all help to reduce congestion, protect the environment and boost the economy in a way that is fair and sustainable.”
As more workplaces, shops and businesses reopen in the coming months, campaigners argue it will be crucial that people return to public transport to avoid increased congestion and air pollution, and help communities recover. To protect public transport services both now and in the long term, and encourage people back on board, The Way Forward campaign is calling on the Government to:
Lead the way with a national campaign that encourages people to see public transport as a safe way to travel and to launch an incentive scheme that helps to get people back on board
Continue the emergency financial support for public transport services until passenger numbers have recovered
Place public transport at the heart of a green recovery with a passenger-centred approach to getting people back on board. Public transport needs to evolve to suit new ways of working and living to offer a genuine alternative to the private car. It needs to be easier and simpler to pay for with contactless payments as standard and multi-modal tickets that can be used on buses and trains, and more affordable with flexible tickets that fit new travel patterns
Protect services and renew the public transport system by restoring lost rail links and reconnecting communities to the network.
Tuohy added, “A public transport network shaped around passengers that provides the services people need, at a price they can afford, as we adapt to new ways of working and living is crucial to rebuilding the economy and tackling climate change. By placing public transport at the heart of its transport policy the Government can make sure we all have access to easy, convenient and affordable journeys no matter where we live.”